Annuity and Pension
Retirement is an inevitable stage that comes in every working individual’s life. It is a stage in life that is likely to bring feelings of apprehension, especially in terms of finances. Now, that regular paycheck will no longer be there as most of the Government organisations have abandoned pension for their employees, maintaining one’s lifestyle and meeting expenses is a valid worry which will be in every retired individual’s mind. However, Insurance Companies brings a special product designed specially to provide a regular income after you’ve retired, and in some cases, also provide insurance cover. Here are some important things which can help you decide on which pension plans are best suited for you.
FEATURES OF LIFE INSURANCE POLICY
Types of Annuity/Pension Plans.
Deferred Annuity : Here the annuitant pays premiums till the policy term is over. After its term, the annuitant will start receiving the pension. No tax is levied on the amount the annuitant invests. You can make a one-time payment or make regular contributions towards the plan.
Immediate Annuity : The annuitant has to deposit a large amount and the pension will begin immediately. The annuitant can avail tax benefits prevailing in India.
With & Without Cover : Pension Plan ‘With cover’ will give you a life cover, a lump sum amount is paid to your family in the event of your death. ‘Without cover’ implies you do not get any life cover. The amount built till the date of your death is paid to your dependents. Deferred annuity is with cover and immediate annuity plans are without cover.
National Pension Scheme : This is introduced by the government. You have the option of withdrawing 60% of the amount at retirement and the rest is used to purchase annuity. The maturity amount is not tax free though.
Riders with Term Insurance: Most pension plans come with add-on riders which can be taken to enhance the benefits provided by the plan. Some of the commonly available riders include :
Accidental death and dismemberment rider
Critical illness rider
Waiver of premium rider
How to choose the Right Pension Plan
With the variety of pension plans available in the market, it could be a challenge to choose the one which suits your requirement best. However, before you invest in a pension plan, there are some basic parameters you must evaluate
Returns : The most important part of any investment is the return it provides. Chose a pension only after you have a fair idea about the returns it would provide. Always keep in mind that if returns are guaranteed, the rate of returns will be low. Choose an option which provides high returns.
Liquidity : While most pension plans will have a lock-in period, during which you cannot withdraw the invested funds, there may be some plans available which offer a certain degree of flexibility in terms of withdrawal.
Tax Benefits : Insurance premium payments paid towards the plan can help you save on tax. The same goes for pension plans. However, the annuity accumulated in tax-free but the annuity remains taxable in the hand of the recipient.
Investment Mix : This factor comes into play only with regard to pension plans which are offered as part of a mutual fund. Find out the investment mix offered by the pension plan. While usually, the schemes are balanced, they may change over time.
Additional Benefits : Retirement plans offer are often accompanied by a string of additional benefits like life cover, riders like critical insurance, accidental etc. Find out the additional benefits which different plans offer before you make your selection.